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Healthy Lungs are vital!

                                  How To Save Your Lungs Before It’s Too Late

We don’t put enough emphasis on protecting our lungs against harmful macro and microscopic particles; this is a huge mistake, as reduced lung capacity is more damaging to quality of life than say, sub-optimal digestion, mild to moderate liver dysfunction, or even reduced cardiac output.

 

Why are healthy lungs so vital to the rest of your organs and body parts?,fres

It’s within the very thinnest branches of tissue that line the base of your lungs where your body accepts oxygen from your environment and expels carbon dioxide. Without this ongoing exchange of gases, you can’t adequately convert nutrients from food into usable energy.

 How to measure lung dysfunction?

 Inspection

Look for signs of strained breathing.

Other obvious signs of lung dysfunction are slightly purple/blue lips or fingernails, and audible distress with breathing.

Palpation

Place your hands symmetrically on both sides of the posterior aspect of a person’s ribcage; see if your hands move about the same amount during deep inhalation. Asymmetrical movement might indicate abnormal presence of fluid or air in the space between the lungs and the chest wall.

Also feel the transmission of the person’s voice as vibration (called tactile fremitus) against your palms as they’re pressed up against his/her chest wall

Percussion

To help confirm palpatory findings, percussion is used, where you use your hands to steadily percuss against the chest wall while listening to how hollow or full the chest cavity sounds along different points.

Auscultation

Auscultation is the process of listening to lung sounds with a stethoscope. During auscultation, try to hear what they call “vesicular breath sounds,” which is to describe a mild influx of air with inhalation, and little sound during exhalation.

Whistling-type noises, scratchy sounds, noise that resembles what you hear when breathing through a snorkel, gurgling, and an abnormally quiet lung field all indicate some form of distress.

Here’s the thing: you don’t want to wait for your doctor to stumble upon an abnormal finding before becoming mindful of what you’re breathing in during everyday activities. In most cases, by the time of a significant finding using the screening procedures described above, chances are that dysfunction and disease have been at play for a good while.

Living in a neighborhood with good air quality is a huge plus.

The most important priority in preventing lung disease is to minimize exposure to concentrated sources of lung irritants, and where such exposure is near impossible to avoid.

It’s vital to take proper precaution with optimal ventilation and protective gear.

When sanding down minor repair jobs, drilling into wood, or doing any other basic chores that require being close to even a small cloud of dust, it’s well worth the effort to wear a respirator with a decent filter.

Wear a mask when landscaping or where there is regular cutting of fresh stone, which kicks up all sorts of lung irritants like fiberglass and carborundum grit.

To those who cut stone or sand drywall joints for a living and feel fine after taking a good long shower after work (all without wearing a respirator), remind them that repeated exposure to irritants can lead to numbing of our natural feedback mechanisms, kind of like how a smoker eventually learns to inhale tobacco smoke without experiencing much of a negative physiological reaction.

 Please remember that it’s not just visible dust that you should strive to avoid and protect yourself against. If chemicals that you work with give off strong smells that make you feel nauseous, you need to figure out how to avoid these substances – nausea that’s triggered by stimulation of your olfactory system is a strong sign that you’re in the presence of lung irritants that, over time, can create irreversible damage.

Here’s a look at six substances that are highly capable of causing lung damage:

1. Crystalline silica

Crystalline silica is a component of soil, sand, and rocks (like granite and quartzite). Only quartz and cristobalite silica that can be inhaled as particles are designated known carcinogens.

Where is it found?

  • In the air during mining, cutting, and drilling.
  • Drywall mud, household cleaners, paints, glass, brick, ceramics, silicon metals in electronics, plastics, paints, and abrasives in soaps.

 

Occupations most at risk:

Quarry workers, plasterers, drywallers, construction workers, brick workers, miners, stonecutters (including jewellery), workers involved in drilling, polishing, and crushing, pottery makers, glassmakers, soap or detergent manufacturers, farmers, dentists, and auto workers.

 

2. Wood dust

Wood dust is made up of particles of wood that are created by cutting and sanding.

 

Where is it found?

  • Anywhere wood is chipped, turned, drilled, or sanded.

Occupations most at risk:

Those in the construction industry, and to some extent, those in the logging industry.

 

3. Asbestos

Asbestos is a group of naturally occurring minerals that form heat-resistant fibers.

 

Where is it found?

  • Naturally in rock formations.
  • In some auto parts like brakes, gaskets, and friction products.
  • In some industrial textiles.
  • In some safety clothing.

 

Occupations most at risk:

Asbestos miners, brake repair mechanics, building demolition or maintenance workers, carpenters, cabinetmakers, construction workers, electricians, plumbers, plaster and drywall installers, auto mechanics.

 

4. Chromium (hexavalent)

Chromium is a naturally occurring mineral that becomes carcinogenic when it is transformed into its hexavalent form through industrial processes.

 

Where is it found?

  • In the manufacturing of stainless steel and other alloys.
  • In the industrial wood preservative, CCA (Chromated Copper Arsenate).
  • Used in small amounts in printer ink toners, textile dyes, and during water treatment.

 

Occupations most at risk:

Welders while welding stainless steel, printing machine and press operators, machinists, and pipefitters.

 

5. Nickel and its compounds

Metallic nickel, a possible carcinogen, is a silver-like, hard metal or grey powder. Nickel compounds, known carcinogens, tend to be green to black, but yellow when heated.

 

Where is it found?

Used to make stainless steel, and also found in magnets, electrical contacts, batteries, spark plugs, and surgical/dental prostheses.

 

Occupations most at risk:

Welders, construction millwrights, industrial mechanics, metal spraying workers, machinists, machining/tooling inspectors, nickel refinery workers, iron/steel mill workers, metal ore miners, and manufacturers in structural metals, motor vehicle parts, boilers, and shipping containers.

 

6. Formaldehyde

Associated cancers:

Nasopharyngeal cancer, leukemia

What is it?

A colorless, combustible gas with a pungent odor.

 

Where is it found?

  • Used in the manufacture of textiles, resins, wood products, and plastics.
  • As a preservative, formaldehyde is found in embalming fluid.
  • As a preservative and disinfectant, it’s used in soaps, shampoos, deodorants, mouthwash, and cosmetics.

 

Occupations most at risk:

Embalmers, pathology lab operators, wood and paper product workers, and health care professionals (nurses, dentists) exposed during use of medicinal products that contain formaldehyde. Also at risk are painters, manual laborers, product assemblers, foundry workers, and those who teach in cadaver laboratories.

 

How Important Are Your Lungs?

Consider that of the total amount of waste materials that your body eliminates via urine, stools, mucous, breath, and sweat, approximately 75 percent by volume is handled by your lungs. Put another way, your lungs are at least as important to your body’s ability to experience ongoing cleansing and detoxification as your digestive tract and kidneys. And to maintain healthy lungs, you have to minimize your exposure to the pollutants described above.

Beyond avoiding concentrated pollutants, here are a few tips to help ensure healthy gas exchange within your lungs:

 

  1. First and most obviously, you need to be around fresh air. This means being outdoors often, and when you’re indoors for long stretches at a time, you should try to crack open a window or two whenever possible. Or at the very least, ensure that the ventilation system that controls the air quality in your work and living spaces is functioning properly – this includes making sure that furnace filters are replaced regularly.

It also means that while you sleep, when the weather permits, you should crack open a window so that your lungs are exposed to a steady stream of fresh oxygen, and that the air in your room doesn’t get dominated by carbon dioxide.

  1. Second, you need to be mindful of how well you’re breathing. Respiratory rate – the number of cycles of inhalation and exhalation you experience per minute, is affected by a few different factors.

Emotional stress tends to promote shallow breathing. So being mindful of your emotional state and making a habit of taking purposeful, deep breaths in and out as often as possible make for a concrete strategy to ensure optimal intake of oxygen and elimination of carbon dioxide.

  1. An often-overlooked determinant of respiratory rate is how healthy your spine and surrounding joints are. Together, your spine, ribcage, and sternum (breast bone) form a protective case that surrounds your heart and lungs. At every point of contact between your ribs and your spine and breast bone, there is some joint play – that is, built-in room to move, not a lot, but enough to allow for optimal expansion of your lungs as you inhale.

Also, from rib to rib, you have cartilage that helps keep your ribs in place, but that also provides just enough give to allow your ribs to slightly expand and contract as your breathe.

Over time, chronic stress, lack of exercise, and lack of mindful breathing can cause all of these moving parts to become somewhat brittle and unable to provide the flexibility that is essential to helping you breathe optimally.

This is one reason why regular stretching of your spine, ribcage, and surrounding tissues is important to your health. By keeping all of these joints moving properly, you ensure that you have the physical capacity to fill your lungs with ample amounts of oxygen throughout the day and night.

 

Beyond stretching these areas, please remember the importance of mindfully breathing in and out throughout the day – this seemingly trivial habit can be immensely helpful to your health.

And don’t forget to wear a protective mask or respirator the next time you have some sanding or drilling to do.

 

Please consider sharing this information with family and friends who may be incurring lung tissue damage without knowing it.

 

Thank you.

 
 

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Twelve Cancer Causing Substances

CAREX Canada is a multidisciplinary team of researchers based at the University of British Columbia that is developing estimates of the number of Canadians exposed to known probable and possible carcinogens in workplace and community environments.

Crystalline silica

Associated cancers:

Lung cancer

What is it?

Crystalline silica is a component of soil, sand, and rocks (like granite and quartzite). Only quartz and cristobalite silica that can be inhaled, as particles are designated known carcinogens.

Where is it found?

•In the air during mining, cutting, and drilling.

• Household cleaners, paints, glass, brick, ceramics, silicon metals in electronics, plastics, paints, and abrasives in soaps.

Benzene

Associated cancers:

Lymphatic and blood-borne cancers (like leukemia)

What is it?

Benzene is a flammable, organic chemical compound that is a colorless liquid with a sweet aroma.

Where is it found?

• Naturally produced by volcanoes and forest fires.

• In manufacturing, used to produce some types of rubber, lubricants, dyes, detergents, drugs, and pesticides. Mode(s) of exposure: Inhalation, skin contact Occupations most at risk:

Wood dust

Associated cancers:

Cancers of the nasal cavities, Para nasal sinuses, and naso pharynx.

What is it?

Particles of wood created by cutting and sanding.

Where is it found?

• Anywhere wood is chipped, turned, drilled, or sanded. Mode(s) of exposure: Inhalation Occupations most at risk: Those in the construction industry, and to some extent, those in the logging industry.

Artificial UV radiation

Associated cancers:

Skin cancer

What is it?

Artificial UV radiation comes from man-made machines like sunbeds, medical and dental technology, and various lamps.

Where is it found?

• UV-emitting tanning devices.

• Devices that employ UV radiation in electric welding, medical and dental practices, curing lamps to dry paints and resins, and lamps used to sterilize hospital materials. Mode(s) of exposure: Skin exposure.

Asbestos

Associated cancers:

Lung, laryngeal, and ovarian cancers

What is it?

Asbestos is a group of naturally occurring minerals that form heat-resistant fibers.

Where is it found?

• Naturally in rock formations.

• In some auto parts like brakes, gaskets, and friction products.

• In some industrial textiles.

• In some safety clothing. Mode(s) of exposure: Inhalation, ingestion, a bit through skin contact Occupations most at risk: Asbestos miners, brake repair mechanics, building demolition or maintenance workers, carpenters, cabinetmakers, construction workers, electricians, plumbers, plaster and drywall installers, auto mechanics.

Chromium (hexavalent)

Associated cancers:

Lung cancer

What is it?

Chromium is a naturally occurring mineral that becomes carcinogenic when it is transformed into its hexavalent form through industrial processes.

Where is it found? •

In the manufacturing of stainless steel and other alloys.

•In the industrial wood preservative, CCA (Chromated Copper Arsenate). • Used in small amounts in printer ink toners, textile dyes, and during water treatment. Mode(s) of exposure: Inhalation, skin contact.

Nickel and its compounds

Associated cancers:

Lung, nasal, and paranasal sinus cancers

What is it?

Metallic nickel, a possible carcinogen, is a silver-like, hard metal or grey powder. Nickel compounds, known carcinogens, tend to be green to black, but yellow when heated.

Where is it found?

Used to make stainless steel, and also found in magnets, electrical contacts, batteries, spark plugs, and surgical/dental prostheses. Mode(s) of exposure: Inhalation, ingestion, skin/eye contact

Formaldehyde

Associated cancers:

Nasopharyngeal cancer, leukemia

What is it?

A colorless, combustible gas with a pungent odour.

Where is it found? •

Used in the manufacture of textiles, resins, wood products, and plastics

• As a preservative, formaldehyde is found in embalming fluid.

• As a preservative and disinfectant, it’s used in soaps, shampoos, deodorants, mouthwash, and cosmetics. Mode(s) of exposure: Inhalation, ingestion, skin contact.

Ionizing radiation and radioactive elements

Associated cancers:

Thyroid, breast, and blood-borne cancers

What is it?

Includes particles and rays emitted by radioactive materials, nuclear reactions, and radiation-producing machines.

Where is it found?

• X-rays, radiotherapy.

• Nuclear power plants.

• Naturally in uranium mines.

Mode(s) of exposure: Inhalation, ingestion, via skin

Cadmium

Associated cancers:

Lung cancer

What is it?

Cadmium is a silvery-white or blue metal typically found in mineral deposits.

Where is it found?

• Zinc deposits.

• As a byproduct of mining for lead, zinc, and copper.

• Battery production.

• As pigments in plastics and coatings for electronics, steel and aluminum to prevent corrosion.

Mode(s) of exposure: I

Inhalation, ingestion

Chlorambucil / Melphalan / Cyclophosphamide

Associated cancers:

Leukemia (Yes, this is correct – these chemicals that are used in conventional medical care to “treat” malignancies can actually contribute to the formation of leukemia.)

What is it?

These chemicals are tumor growth inhibitors used as chemotherapy drugs.

Where is it found?

• In hospitals and pharmacies where malignancies are treated with conventional pharmaceutical agents. Mode(s) of exposure: Inhalation, ingestion, skin contact

Arsenic

Associated cancers:

Lung and skin cancer

What is it?

A natural element that is a tasteless and odorless.

Where is it found?

• Trace amounts are found in all living matter.

• Used in manufacturing batteries, ammunition, hardening copper, and glassmaking.

• Used to make CCA (Chromated Copper Arsenate), a wood preservative that contains hexavalent chromium (also a carcinogen). Mode(s) of exposure: Inhalation, ingestion, skin contact

 Please consider sharing this information with family and friends.

Sources: CAREX Canada and CBC Canada News

 
 

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